Afghanistan and the Taliban. Pashtuns dominate the Pakistani military and are concentrated in the North-West Frontier provincewhich was the command center for the Mujahedeen groups fighting the Soviet troops and a major destination for the Afghan refugees Matinuddin The Mujahideen alliance forming the new Afghan government, led by Burhanuddin Rabbani as interim president, failed to reach political unity and ended up fighting one another Matinuddin The United States moved to Iraq in and directed its military force on Iraq, and the Taliban, operating from southern Afghanistan and North-West Pakistan, namely Waziristan, started to regroup and carry out several deadly attacks against the U.
New York University Press, The attacks against the U. Musharraf stepped down as army chief in November 28, and announced that the parliamentary elections would take place in January The suicide attack against the regional office of the Pakistani Federal Investigation Agency in Lahore and the assassination attempt carried out against the former Interior Minister, Aftab Khan Sherpao, are the two major attacks that came after the Red Mosque incidence Gregory.
As the country seemed to be healing, Benazir Bhutto was killed in a suicide attack in December at a campaign rally in Rawalpindi. In Maythirty nine people were killed in Karachi as a result of bloody clashes between supporters of Chaudhry and those supporting the government.
The Taliban refused to hand over Bin Laden and ignored the U. Following a public condemnation of the Saudi monarchy for allowing U.
The raid of the Red Mosque triggered a series of violent attacks against the Pakistani government because the Mosque and its leader, Maulana Abdul Aziz, have close religious ties with the Taliban.
The Taliban was one of the Mujahideen factions that formed during the Soviet occupation and the internal fighting in Afghanistan.
Noticing the increasing attacks by the Taliban, NATO deployed about 40, troops in southern Afghanistan and launched a large operation against the Taliban militants operating in southern Afghanistan and along the borders with North-West Pakistan.
In MarchPresident Musharraf suspended Chief Justice Iftakar Mohammed Chaudhry, which led to demonstrations by supporters of Chaudhry and violent clashes with the Pakistani police.
After the bombings of the U. Pakistani support for the Taliban is based on strong religious and ethnic bonds between the Taliban and Pakistan, especially with the tribal areas on the North-West borders of Pakistan. Consequently, the Taliban lost control over the Afghan Capital, Kabul, and was completely routed in December 9, Moreau.
Inthe Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan, and the Afghan Mujahideen, under the leadership of Ahmed Shah Massoud, surrounded the Afghan capital, Kabul, and took over the rule three years after the departure of the Soviets.
The Taliban cancelled its cease-fire agreement with Musharraf government in September and carried out several suicide bombings against government officials and security offices.
Consequently, thousands of lawyers led demonstrations to protest the emergency rule, and about seven hundred lawyers were arrested by the police.Taliban Regime Vs the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is a mountainous land-locked country, which is one of the central Asian countries. In addition, it is an Islamic country that Islam religion has played a significant role in governing it.
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