Alexander traveled to the desert to consult the oracle of Ammon, a god of supposed good counsel. The Athenians, led by Demosthenesvoted to seek alliance with Thebes against Macedonia. But after Alexander took a firm stand and replaced Macedonian officers and troops with Persians, his army backed down.
As the story goes, Alexander took on the challenge but was unable to unravel the knot by hand. He then laid siege to the heavily-fortified island of Tyre in January B.
Lysimachus taught Alexander to play the lyre, and taught him an appreciation for the fin e arts of music, poetry, and drama.
He arranged for Alexander to be tutored by Aristotle himself … His education infused him with a love of knowledge, logic, philosophy, music and culture. Alexander could be inspiring and courageous, continued Abernethy. The king, incensed, decided to kill not only Philotas and the other men deemed conspirators, but also Parmerio, even though he apparently had nothing to do with the alleged plot.
Even as a boy Alexander was fearless and strong.
During this turmoil, the Illyrians invaded Macedonia, only to be repelled by Alexander. As soon as he received that position he found that there were many people plotting against him. Under Aristotle, Alexander learned philosophy, ethics, politics, and healing.
Yet, despite the opposition from the Spartans, Alexander was successful against Persia. On the way back Alex crushed the Illyrians in a single week. Before the end of the year Alex reestablished his position in Greece.
A Mass Wedding In early B. At the time of his death, Philip was contemplating invading Persia. All went well until they came within striking distance of the Tyrians. With this siege over Thebes all of the other Greek states went in to submission to Alex. The Macedonians were less than thrilled with the changes in Alexander and his attempt to be viewed as a deity.
Alexander took advantage of the opportunity by defeating a Thracian people called the Maedi and founding "Alexandroupolis," a city he named after himself.
According to the ancient sources, the two sides fought bitterly for some time. He lost his self-control and his compassion for his men.
Philip remodeled the Macedonian army from citizen-warriors into a professional organization. After surviving battle after fierce battle, Alexander the Great died in June B. Darius sent his cavalry after them and Alexander countered with his. Arrian wrote that Porus was brought to the Macedonian king and said "treat me like a king, Alexander.
Just 20 years old, Alexander claimed the Macedonian throne and killed his rivals before they could challenge his sovereignty. He colonized it with Greeks, and founded a city named Alexandropolis.
Return to Persia Alexander returned to Persia, this time as the ruler of a kingdom that stretched from the Balkans to Egypt to modern day Pakistan. The toughest opposition actually came from a Greek mercenary force fighting for Darius. Alexander ordered that they be "honored, and addressed as royalty," Arrian wrote.
Persia gave him money and ships and in return "Agis sent the money and triremes [a type of ship] to his brother Agesilaos, directing him to pay the salaries of the crews, and to sail directly to Crete to settle the affairs of the island for the benefit of Sparta," writes Hadjidaki.
All religions were tolerated. Darius III is said to have thought this a sign of timidity. His generals fought over his land and in the end it was divided up into multiple states.
In his excavations he has found that, with Persian support, the Spartans built fortifications and a larger harbor at Phalasarna. On his way back Alex learned that the people in the city of Thebes revolted and called upon the people of Athens to join them.
Alexander was influenced by the teachings of his tutor, Aristotle, whose philosophy of Greek ethos did not require forcing Greek culture on the colonized.
However, when Alexander gave the Persian king battle, it turned out Darius had been led to a narrow spot where the Persians could not use their superior numbers effectively.
Nonetheless, many conquered lands retained the Greek influence Alexander introduced—some cities he founded remain important cultural centers even today—and Alexander the Great is revered as one of the most powerful and influential leaders the ancient world ever produced.
Pushed too far, Alexander killed Cleitus with a spear, a spontaneous act of violence that anguished him. After several weeks, he took the town and entered Egypt where he established the city that still bears his name: The battle soon became a war of nerves.Watch video · Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.
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ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. The reason is that Alexander the Great was—and still is—a powerful symbol of power, military genius, and conquest, whether or not this description of him is historically accurate.
His image, name, and legendary power remained resonant—and politically visible—long after his death. Alexander the Great and His Achievements Alexander the Great was the king of Macedon.
Alexander of Macedon, or ancient Mecadonia, deserves to be called the Great. Alexander the Great was considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. He was an excellent king, general, and conqueror. Alexander the Great Research Essay 5 Over 2, years ago King Alexander the Third died.
During his lifetime he forged an empire that extended from Greece to Asia Minor, Egypt, Persia, and northwestern India. Nov 09, · Alexander the Great was an ancient Macedonian ruler and one of history’s greatest military minds who—as King of Macedonia and Persia—established the largest empire the ancient world had ever.Download