Monotheism and polytheism

There are differences of status and power between the gods, of function and sphere of influence, but they are all equally divine. The above description of polydeism would be a distinct subset of polytheism.

Because of this all encompassing nature, it is the One to whom all prayers are offered. Among the myriad of others who receive attention and reverence are Lakshmi Goddess of WealthSaraswati Goddess of Knowledge and Learningand Hanuman Devotion Incarnateto name just a few.

It is quite compatible with this argument that God should have died long ago, or that he should have turned his attention to other parts of the Universe," and notes in the same breath that "there is nothing in the facts to suggest that there is only one such being".

Polytheism and Monotheism: A Hindu Perspective

In Assyrian religion Marduk was in effect replaced by Ashur; and Ishtar, the mother goddesswas also important. In monotheism, especially as expressed in the Abrahamic religions, ultimate power is in the hands of a single male divinity. With the domination of Egypt by the Ptolemies about 10 centuries later, the worship of Serapis, a hybrid Greco-Egyptian deity, was instituted as a means of binding together the two groups.


The religion of the ancient Chinese Shang dynasty — bce featured belief in the Lord-on-High Shangdiwho is comparable in many ways to the high god of other religions. Just as gods can be human in character, so men can be conceived as divine, either by becoming identified with deities e.

A sacrifice offered to one of these manifestations—e. This may appear contradictory to some, particularly when Hinduism with its pantheon of gods is included in the religions that are monotheistic in nature.

Difference Between Monotheism and Polytheism

Sky gods, however, tend to take on atmospheric roles—e. There are several significant characteristics typically found in nearly all polytheistic traditions. Among the most ancient of these concepts is polytheism. This un-Egyptian intolerance was probably the main reason for the speedy decline of this creed.

Stephens[53] who teaches this concept to his students, suggests that C. Unlimited polytheism On the other hand, there is the extreme position of unlimited polytheismas, for instance, in the classical religions of Greece and Rome: The serpent is vital in the Hebrew Bible Old Testament story of Adam and Eve and appears in the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh as one who knows the secret of rejuvenation.

These polytheists sharply differ from neopagans in that they consider their religion not only inspired by the religions of antiquity but often as an actual continuation or revival of those religions.

SpiritualRay Staff Egyptian Origins While polytheism is older than monotheism, both originated in ancient Egypt by the diktat of the ruling Pharaohs of that time. That being the case, we should focus instead on the ramifications and practical usefulness of the various theological conceptualizations on the people who hold them as well as on the rest of the world.

It is even possible to follow the gradual development of his ideas in this direction. While such individuals are then believed to not receive divine assistance, they are typically not understood to be punished for this choice.

He is considered to be the spirit in or of the sky. While both belief systems are hinged on different premises, they are seen to be influenced by each other.

Different divinities, like different bureaucrats, have different powers. Each of these manifestations bears a name of its own, but though they are addressed and treated as separate entities, they are essentially nothing but manifestations of the one spiritual being Kwoth and are themselves considered spirits and called kwoth.

The Egyptians were the first to have multiple gods with characteristics that were extensions of the naturally occurring processes observed daily.A full and philosophic consideration of the attributes of God as presented in the various world-religions cannot avoid the question at issue between polytheism and monotheism.

Polytheism was dominant while their monotheism was as yet a persecuted belief. The Necessity of Atheism. Monotheism is the doctrine of belief that there is but one God. Orthography.

Elmer W. Cavins.


The Jewish monotheism had left the crowd of gods unlessened. History Of Egypt From B.C. To The Present Time, Volume 11 (of 12).

Monotheism, belief in the existence of one god, or in the oneness of such, it is distinguished from polytheism, the belief in the existence of many gods, and from atheism, the belief that there is no killarney10mile.comeism characterizes the traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and elements of the belief are discernible in numerous other.

Polytheism, the belief in many gods. Polytheism characterizes virtually all religions other than Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which share a common tradition of monotheism, the belief in one God. Key Difference – Monotheism vs Polytheism Polytheism and Monotheism are two words that can be very confusing for most of the people, although there.


The term monotheism comes from the Greek monos, (one) and theos (god). Thus, monotheism is the belief in the existence of a single god. Monotheism is typically contrasted with polytheism (see below), which is a belief in many gods, and with atheism, which is an absence of any belief in any gods.

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Monotheism and polytheism
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