Political relationships between the Muslim caliphates and the Christian kingdoms of Europe remained in a state of suspended truce, allowing the continuation of Christian pilgrimages into Muslim-controlled lands, at least in intervals; for example, the Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah ordered the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchreonly to have his successor allow the Byzantine Empire to rebuild it.
Santiago de Compostela and Way of St. This custom, mandatory for each pilgrim in the Middle Ages, was codified in the 16th century by Saint Philip Neri.
The cult of Saint James of Compostela was just one of many arising throughout northern Iberia during the 10th and 11th centuries, as rulers encouraged their own region-specific cults, such as Saint Eulalia in Oviedo and Saint Aemilian in Castile.
Le sette chiese in 24 hours. The seven churches are the four major Basilicas St Peter in VaticanSt Paul outside the WallsSt John in Lateran and Santa Maria Maggiorewhile the other three are San Lorenzo fuori le mura a palaeochristian BasilicaSanta Croce in Gerusalemme a church founded by Helenathe mother of Constantine, which hosts fragments of wood attributed to the holy cross and San Sebastiano fuori le mura which lies on the Appian Way and is built above Roman catacombs.
In the 7th century, the Holy Land fell to the Muslim conquests and as pilgrimage to the Holy Land now became more difficult for European Christians, major pilgrimage sites developed in Western Europe, notably Santiago de Compostela in the 9th century.
Pilgrimages also began to be made to Rome and other sites associated with the ApostlesSaints and Christian martyrsas well as to places where there have been apparitions of the Virgin Mary. Traditionally, pilgrims in Rome visit the seven pilgrim churches Italian: Pilgrimages to Rome can involve visits to a large number of sites, both within the Vatican City and in Italian territory.
Aside from the early example of Origenwho "in search of the traces of Jesus, the disciples and the prophets",  already found local folk prompt to show him the actual location of the Gadarene swine in the mid-3rd century, surviving descriptions of Christian pilgrimages to the Holy Land and Jerusalem date from the 4th century.
Under the Ottoman Empire travel in Palestine was once again restricted and dangerous. Around the place of the discovery a new settlement and centre of pilgrimage emerged, which was known to the author Usuard in  and which was called Compostella by the 10th century.
The Itinerarium Burdigalense "Bordeaux Itinerary"the oldest surviving Christian itinerariumwas written by the anonymous "Pilgrim of Bordeaux" recounting the stages of a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the years and Santiago de Compostela[ edit ] Further information: Under the rule of this prelatethe townspeople rebelled, headed by the local council, beginning a secular tradition of confrontation by the people of the city—who fought for self-government—against the local bishop, the secular and jurisdictional lord of the city and of its fief, the semi-independent Terra de Santiago "land of Saint James".
According to some authors, by the middle years of the 11th century the site had already become a pan-European place of peregrination while others maintain that the cult to Saint James was before 11—12th centuries an essentially Galician affair, supported by Asturian and Leonese kings to win over faltering Galician loyalties.
In the Maastricht pilgrimage drew aroundvisitors;  Aachen had in aroundpilgrims. The crusades were at first a success, the Crusader statesespecially the kingdom of Jerusalemguaranteeing safe access to the Holy Land for Christian pilgrims during the 12th century, but the enterprise of the crusades was ultimately doomed to failure, and the Holy Land was entirely re-conquered by the Ayyubids by the end of the 13th century.
For centuries, the Scala Santa has attracted Christian pilgrims who wished to honour the Passion of Jesus. The German word Heiligtumsfahrt means "journey to the holy relics".
Pilgrimage to Rome became a common destination for pilgrims from throughout Western Christianity in the medieval period, and important sites were listed in travel-guides such as the 12th-century Mirabilia Urbis Romae.
Helena in the 4th Century. In all three places important relics could be seen:Christianity- Pilgrimage essaysR.E Christianity Course work- Pilgrimage (A) Describe a visit to a Christian place of pilgrimage, explaining its importance to believers.
Lourdes, in the south of France is one of the most popular pilgrimage destinations in Europe. It was in Lourdes, in the year of. Christians' Pilgrimages to Lourdes I am going to describe what a pilgrim would do if they went to Lourdes. I will explain why Lourdes is a Christian place of.
Christians' Pilgrimages to Lourdes - Christians' Pilgrimages to Lourdes I am going to describe what a pilgrim would do if they went to Lourdes. I will explain why Lourdes is a Christian place of pilgrimage.
- Exploring Why Christians Go on Pilgrimages I will start this essay by explaining why some Christians go on pilgrimages and will go on. How do christians differ in their attitudes towards pilgrimage; How do christians differ in their attitudes towards pilgrimage.
Rosary is a method of prayer used to remember the mysteries on events on the lives of Jesus and Mary at pilgrimages such as Lourdes. Some sites of pilgrimage, such as Lourdes in France, have a history for healing.
Free Essay: Christians' Pilgrimages to Lourdes I am going to describe what a pilgrim would do if they went to Lourdes. I will explain why Lourdes is a. A Christian Place of Pilgrimage Essay; A Christian Place of Pilgrimage One Christian place of pilgrimage is located in Lourdes in the south of France.
This is thought to be the site of the first apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The history of Lourdes is as follows.
Essay Compare and Contrast Christians vs Muslims.Download