By the late s, however, it had become clear that the risky shift was just one type of many attitudes that became more extreme in groups, leading Moscovici and Zavalloni to term the overall phenomenon "group polarization".
Choice shifts are mainly explained by largely differing human values and how highly these values are held by an individual. The Internet[ edit ] The rising popularity and increased number of online social media platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter, has enabled people to seek out and share ideas with others who have similar interests and values, making group polarization effects increasingly evident, particularly in generation Y individuals.
Where did the study of group polarization first originate? However, in situations where groups are somewhat newly formed and tasks are new, group polarization can demonstrate a more profound influence on the decision-making.
The same would be true if the average tendency was toward caution; after discussion, members would shift their opinions toward a more cautious level.
The theory posits that each group member enters the discussion aware of a set of items of information or arguments favoring both sides of the issue, but lean toward that side that boasts the greater amount of information.
There is a substantial amount of empirical evidence demonstrating the phenomenon of group polarization. Participants were then asked to estimate the probability that a certain choice would be of benefit or risk to the individual being discussed.
What are common group polarization examples? As long as the group of individuals begins with the same fundamental opinion on the topic and a consistent dialogue is kept going, group polarization can occur. Indicated by shifts in the mean value, initial studies using this method revealed that group decisions tended to be relatively riskier than those that were made by individuals.
Thus began a decade-long period of examination of the applicability of group polarization to a number of fields, ranging from political attitudes to religion, in both lab and field settings. Isenberg concluded that there was substantial evidence that both effects were operating simultaneously, and that persuasive arguments theory operated when social comparison did not, and vice versa.
Other social comparison theorists believe that polarization arises from one-upmanship. Finally, the trial was rerun on all participants using a card that supported the opposite position to that they had initially seen. Group polarization as a concept first came to light in an unpublished study by MIT student James Stoner.
In 8 of the 10 pairs, murder rates were higher in the state with capital punishment. Consider the following example: A study by Myers in reported that initial differences among American college students become more accentuated over time. As a result, they can become comfortable with the risk associated with a decision and underestimate it.
Isenberg concluded that there was substantial evidence that both effects were operating simultaneously, and that PAT operated when social comparison did not, and vice-versa. Major theoretical approaches[ edit ] Almost as soon as the phenomenon of group polarization was discovered, a number of theories were offered to help explain and account for it.Group polarization is an interesting phenomenon whereby the decisions and opinions of people become more extreme when they are in a group setting, but in order to fully understand the phenomenon, it helps to study a group polarization example.
The study group will develop and share online content to aid individual research groups through (1) accumulated experimental results, (2) data publication standards (e.g., polarization values at the time of delivery, recognized abbreviations), (3) potential collaborators and (4) PHIP and DNP research locations.
Group polarization focuses on how groups usually make decisions that are more extreme than the original thoughts and views of the individual team. Learn group polarization with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of group polarization flashcards on Quizlet. Growing out of research on the effect of group processes on decision-making, group polarization theories explore the tendency of people in groups to shift their opinions toward the extreme pole of.
on Group Polarization Shanto Iyengar1 and Sean J. Westwood 2 1Chandler Chair of Communication and Professor of Political Science Stanford University BuildingRoom To address these limitations, we designed Study 1 to measure implicit partisan a ect. Implicit attitudes are the \[t]races of past experience that mediate favorable or.Download